What are Mitochondria?

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• Mitochondria are tiny organelles found in every cell in the body except red blood cells. The number of mitochondria in a cell varies by tissue and cell type with higher numbers per cell found in high energy-requiring organs, such as the liver, heart, brain, muscles, pancreas, eyes, ears, kidney, and GI tract.

• Mitochondria are known as the “powerhouse of the cell.”

• Mitochondria are responsible for creating more than 90 percent of cellular energy which is necessary for the body to sustain life and support growth.

• Mitochondria turn nutrients into cellular energy in the respiratory chain cycle.

• Mitochondria have their own independent genome (mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA) that was likely derived from early bacteria.

Mitochondrial failure causes cell injury that leads to cell death. When multiple organ cells die, organs begin to fail.